Parivrtta Janu Sirsasana (Revolved Head-to-Knee Pose) – Definition & Detailed Explanation – Asanas (Yoga Poses) Glossary

I. What is Parivrtta Janu Sirsasana (Revolved Head-to-Knee Pose)?

Parivrtta Janu Sirsasana, also known as Revolved Head-to-Knee Pose, is a seated twist that combines elements of forward folding and spinal rotation. This yoga pose is a variation of Janu Sirsasana, where the torso is twisted towards the extended leg, creating a deep stretch along the spine, hamstrings, and hips. Parivrtta Janu Sirsasana is a challenging pose that requires both flexibility and strength, making it a great addition to any yoga practice.

II. How to Perform Parivrtta Janu Sirsasana?

To perform Parivrtta Janu Sirsasana, start by sitting on the floor with your legs extended in front of you. Bend your right knee and bring the sole of your right foot to the inner left thigh. Keep your left leg extended and flexed, with the toes pointing towards the ceiling.

Next, inhale and lengthen your spine, reaching your arms overhead. Exhale and twist your torso towards the extended leg, bringing your left hand to the outside of the right thigh and your right hand to the floor behind you. Keep your chest lifted and your spine long as you deepen the twist with each exhale.

Hold the pose for 5-10 breaths, then release and repeat on the other side.

III. What are the Benefits of Parivrtta Janu Sirsasana?

Parivrtta Janu Sirsasana offers a variety of physical and mental benefits. Some of the key benefits include:

1. Improved spinal mobility: The twisting action of Parivrtta Janu Sirsasana helps to increase the flexibility and mobility of the spine, reducing stiffness and tension in the back.

2. Stretching of the hamstrings and hips: This pose provides a deep stretch to the hamstrings, hips, and groins, helping to improve flexibility and reduce tightness in these areas.

3. Detoxification: The twisting motion of Parivrtta Janu Sirsasana stimulates the digestive organs, aiding in detoxification and improving digestion.

4. Strengthening of the core: The engagement of the core muscles in this pose helps to build strength and stability in the abdominal region.

5. Calming the mind: The focused breathing and concentration required in Parivrtta Janu Sirsasana can help to calm the mind and reduce stress and anxiety.

IV. What Muscles are Targeted in Parivrtta Janu Sirsasana?

Parivrtta Janu Sirsasana primarily targets the following muscles:

1. Spinal muscles: The twisting action of this pose engages the muscles along the spine, including the erector spinae, obliques, and intercostals.

2. Hamstrings: The extended leg in this pose receives a deep stretch, targeting the hamstrings and calf muscles.

3. Hips: The hip flexors, adductors, and external rotators are engaged and stretched in Parivrtta Janu Sirsasana.

4. Shoulders and chest: The twisting motion of the torso also engages the muscles of the shoulders and chest, helping to improve shoulder mobility and posture.

V. What are the Modifications for Parivrtta Janu Sirsasana?

There are several modifications that can be made to Parivrtta Janu Sirsasana to make the pose more accessible or to deepen the stretch:

1. Use a block: Place a block under the hand that reaches towards the floor to provide support and stability.

2. Bend the extended leg: If the hamstrings are tight, you can bend the extended leg slightly to reduce the intensity of the stretch.

3. Use a strap: If you have difficulty reaching the foot with the opposite hand, you can use a strap around the foot to help extend the reach.

4. Sit on a blanket: If you have tight hips or difficulty sitting on the floor, you can sit on a folded blanket to elevate the hips and make the pose more comfortable.

VI. How to Safely Practice Parivrtta Janu Sirsasana?

To safely practice Parivrtta Janu Sirsasana, keep the following tips in mind:

1. Warm up: Before attempting this pose, warm up the body with some gentle stretches and movements to prepare the muscles and joints.

2. Listen to your body: Pay attention to how your body feels in the pose and only go as far as is comfortable for you. Avoid pushing yourself into pain or discomfort.

3. Engage the core: To protect the lower back, engage the core muscles throughout the pose to provide support and stability.

4. Breathe deeply: Focus on deep, steady breaths throughout the pose to help calm the mind and deepen the stretch.

5. Release slowly: When coming out of the pose, release slowly and mindfully to avoid any sudden movements that could strain the muscles.

By practicing Parivrtta Janu Sirsasana regularly and with proper alignment, you can experience the many benefits of this challenging and rewarding yoga pose. Remember to listen to your body, make modifications as needed, and always practice with awareness and mindfulness.