Vikriti (Current Imbalance) – Definition & Detailed Explanation – Ayurveda & Yoga Glossary

I. What is Vikriti in Ayurveda?

In Ayurveda, Vikriti refers to the state of imbalance or disease in the body. According to Ayurvedic principles, Vikriti occurs when there is an imbalance in the three doshas – Vata, Pitta, and Kapha. These doshas are the fundamental energies that govern all biological functions in the body. When these doshas are in balance, a person experiences good health, but when they are imbalanced, it can lead to various health issues.

Vikriti is considered to be the root cause of many diseases in Ayurveda. It is believed that imbalances in the doshas can disrupt the natural flow of energy in the body, leading to the accumulation of toxins and the manifestation of disease. Understanding Vikriti is crucial in Ayurveda as it helps practitioners identify the underlying cause of a person’s health issues and develop a treatment plan to restore balance.

II. What are the causes of Vikriti?

There are several factors that can contribute to the development of Vikriti in the body. These include poor diet, unhealthy lifestyle choices, environmental factors, emotional stress, and genetic predisposition. When any of these factors disrupt the balance of the doshas, it can lead to the manifestation of Vikriti.

Poor diet is one of the primary causes of Vikriti in Ayurveda. Consuming foods that are not suitable for your body type or eating at irregular times can disrupt the balance of the doshas and lead to imbalances. Unhealthy lifestyle choices such as lack of exercise, inadequate sleep, and excessive stress can also contribute to the development of Vikriti.

Environmental factors such as pollution, exposure to toxins, and seasonal changes can also impact the doshas and lead to imbalances. Emotional stress and negative emotions can disrupt the flow of energy in the body and contribute to the development of Vikriti. Additionally, genetic predisposition can make some individuals more susceptible to imbalances in the doshas.

III. How is Vikriti diagnosed in Ayurveda?

In Ayurveda, Vikriti is diagnosed through a comprehensive assessment of the individual’s physical, mental, and emotional state. Ayurvedic practitioners use various diagnostic tools such as pulse diagnosis, tongue examination, and observation of the skin, eyes, and nails to assess the balance of the doshas in the body.

Pulse diagnosis, known as Nadi Pariksha, is a key diagnostic tool used in Ayurveda to assess the balance of the doshas. By feeling the pulse at different points on the wrist, practitioners can determine the state of the doshas and identify any imbalances. The pulse can reveal information about the individual’s constitution, current state of health, and potential imbalances.

Tongue examination is another important diagnostic tool in Ayurveda. The color, coating, and texture of the tongue can provide valuable insights into the state of the doshas and the overall health of the individual. Ayurvedic practitioners also observe the skin, eyes, and nails for signs of imbalance in the doshas.

IV. What are the symptoms of Vikriti?

The symptoms of Vikriti can vary depending on the predominant dosha that is imbalanced. In Ayurveda, each dosha is associated with specific qualities and functions in the body, and imbalances in these doshas can lead to a range of symptoms.

When Vata dosha is imbalanced, it can manifest as symptoms such as dry skin, constipation, anxiety, insomnia, and joint pain. Pitta dosha imbalances can lead to symptoms such as inflammation, acidity, skin rashes, anger, and irritability. Kapha dosha imbalances can result in symptoms such as weight gain, sluggish digestion, congestion, lethargy, and depression.

Other common symptoms of Vikriti include fatigue, digestive issues, headaches, allergies, and mood swings. It is important to pay attention to these symptoms and seek the guidance of an Ayurvedic practitioner for a proper diagnosis and treatment plan.

V. How is Vikriti treated in Ayurveda?

In Ayurveda, the treatment of Vikriti focuses on restoring balance to the doshas and eliminating toxins from the body. This is achieved through a combination of dietary changes, lifestyle modifications, herbal remedies, detoxification therapies, and stress management techniques.

Diet plays a crucial role in the treatment of Vikriti in Ayurveda. Ayurvedic practitioners recommend a diet that is tailored to the individual’s dosha constitution and the specific imbalances present in the body. Foods that are balancing for the doshas are emphasized, while foods that aggravate the doshas are avoided.

Lifestyle modifications such as regular exercise, adequate sleep, and stress management techniques are also important in the treatment of Vikriti. Practicing relaxation techniques such as yoga, meditation, and breathing exercises can help reduce stress and promote balance in the doshas.

Herbal remedies are commonly used in Ayurveda to treat Vikriti. Ayurvedic herbs such as ashwagandha, turmeric, triphala, and guduchi are known for their balancing properties and can help restore harmony to the doshas. Detoxification therapies such as Panchakarma are also used to eliminate toxins from the body and promote healing.

VI. How can Yoga help balance Vikriti?

Yoga is a powerful tool for balancing the doshas and promoting health and well-being in Ayurveda. The practice of yoga can help regulate the flow of energy in the body, strengthen the immune system, improve digestion, and reduce stress – all of which are essential for restoring balance to the doshas and treating Vikriti.

Certain yoga poses are specifically beneficial for balancing the doshas in Ayurveda. For example, Vata-balancing poses such as child’s pose, seated forward bend, and corpse pose can help calm the nervous system and reduce anxiety. Pitta-balancing poses such as cobra pose, boat pose, and warrior pose can help cool the body and reduce inflammation. Kapha-balancing poses such as camel pose, bridge pose, and half moon pose can help stimulate digestion and increase energy.

In addition to yoga poses, pranayama (breath control) techniques are also important in Ayurveda for balancing the doshas. Deep breathing exercises such as alternate nostril breathing, belly breathing, and cooling breath can help calm the mind, reduce stress, and balance the doshas.

In conclusion, Vikriti is an important concept in Ayurveda that refers to the state of imbalance or disease in the body. By understanding the causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment of Vikriti, individuals can take proactive steps to restore balance to the doshas and promote health and well-being. Incorporating yoga into a holistic treatment plan can further support the balance of the doshas and help individuals achieve optimal health.